The ratio of bases to outs, Barry Codell's original formula that turned the baseball statistical world on its head.Codell was not only the first to total offensive bases and at-bat outs, but saw the intrinsic relationship of the two, covering every plate appearance. He called the BOP the first base of the statistical diamond, noting scoring contribution, weighting of numbers, and final synthesizing all needed to be addressed--and he did it! (See Art of the Articles)
In June 1978, the Sporting News printed Codell's unprecedented refutation of slugging percentage. He simply destroyed its primacy with a modest example: a player with a home run in 4 at bats (3 outs) has the same SA (1.000) as one with 2 2Bs in 4 ABs. The HA says Total Bases (TB) must be measured against Outs Batting (AB-H)--don't, like SA, hide those outs!
The crucial hitting aspect of the BOP offensive bases, often unsuccessfully imitated in unattributing forays by baseball writers through the years. "Imitation is the sincerest form of flattery," said Codell. "Some fellows get a little too sincere . . . ."
The Average Average (AA) comes from the "entrusted lists" of Codell's fruitful Middle Period (early 1990's). The AA gives equal weight to the three standard percentages, with .500 Average Averages especially noteworthy. Upon further review, a surprising reflection of individual and team scoring.
The Batting Average Plus On-Base Percentage revealed in the Average Plus On-Base (APO) unveils what Barry called "Batting Titles Enhanced!"--the BA no longer sufficient in his mind for the traditional batting crown. An .800 APO is a most worthy accomplishment. And sometimes APO can literally shock as a scoring indicator, e.g., 2008 Twins--3rd in A.L. runs, 3rd in APO, 9th in OPS!
Codell's "uncommon denominator."
First published in 1989, the RT was the ingenious solution to scoring contribution, reinstating the value of the Home Run, quickly showing basic flaws in "old school" Joe Reichler's Runs Produced and "new school" Bill James's Runs Created. Codell showed us the reason to average those R and RBI. No longer would we be oblivious to the obvious! (See Art of the Articles)
The Runs Tallied Exact Estimation presents an individual accounting for all team season runs,computed as follows:
Scoring via errors,wild pitches etc. is now attributable. Yearly player breakdowns can be found on Barry Code Team Stats Batting II.
Translating Runs Tallied to Tallied Bases, i.e., Codell's "basifying."
Giving equal weight to individual accomplishment and team contribution, Codell creates the "irreal number," averaging actual and theoretic, uncovering all the hitters' bases in one number. Having more averaged bases (at least 6,000) than outs immediately will get a player into "Batters Hall of Fame"--a rare honor indeed! ("Batters Hall of Fame" is my translation of Barry's "Seker Hemat Hallowing," SEKER HEMAT literally meaning "Batting the Ball" in Egyptian!)
Right, before our eyes!
Runs Tallied put Codell in "scoring position" as the second base of his "Diamond Mine;" translating them to bases enabled him to continue the circling of his bases.
The Batting Mean is easily deduced by either averaging B-TOP and B-BOP or, even better, formulaically, AvBa/ABO. Best yearly BAM makes a MVH (Most Valuable Hitter)!
A true .300 hitter has a .300 Scoring Average--it ain't easy!
The concept that begins to challenge OPS: Reached Bases + Total Bases = EB. First reprinted in a SABR publication, By the Numbers, 1993.
OR EBOP = RA + HA
The correct way to combine the essential components of reaching and slugging; shows the fatal flaw of the fully accepted (and wildly heralded) OPS. E-BOP and OPS are at odds in so many cases because adding (or often contradictorily, multiplying) On Base Percentage and Slugging Average with their disparate denominators (plate appearances and at bats, respectively) cannot accurately recount individual batting success--but E-BOP can! And the number, unlike OPS, is explicably meaningful, simply stating how many essential bases per out batting have been attained.
V-BOP is the prismatic, pragmatic way to reconcile the equally compelling B-BOP and E-BOP vantages, constructing logical weights for all offensive events (see article). As Webster reminds, to value is 1) to evaluate and 2) to prize.
An adjunct to Codell's essential base conception, "Quintessential Bases" examines five core categories of all-around offensive output: (i) run-scoring bases and (ii) runs-batted-in bases (together, "tallied bases"); (iii) reached bases and (iv) total bases (together, "essential bases"); and (v) and stolen bases.
Therefore: 2 (R + RBI) + (RB + TB) + SB = QB
Simplified: TaBa + EB + SB = QB
Barry's reminder: Always contrast bases with outs. Only 15 of the top 30 QB totals over 15,000 attain his Batters Hall of Fame (so long, Pete Rose!).
A career ratio of around 2.50 QB/ABO (see QBOP formula below) "will give you a fighting chance for inclusion with the heavenly hitters."
A 1,500 single season QB is a level only Babe Ruth has surpassed (1,523 QB in 1921)!
As we can turn Runs Tallied into bases, so we turn actual batting bases into theoretic tallies. A crucial "recounting statistic."
All offense accumulated Bases translated into tallies.
Individual accomplishment and team contribution completely covered and expressed in scoring terms. Who are the true 100 RR men? Only the Barry Code knows--and shows
The complete look at offensive bases and scoring contribution in one number.
Just as (RR x 4)/Outs = D-BOP, so, thanks to the generosity of reciprocity, D-BOP/4 = RRO! Runs Recounted per out, multiplied by 27, is a favorite of Codell that he has long used to determine the game's "true scoring of the imaginary team."
The companion to the scoring average, individual batting expressed in scoring terms.
USA! USA! The fastest way to completely determine those completely redefined .300 hitters!
BOD leads to GOD
The diamond mean between tallies and bases, against the backdrop of all offensive outs. As Codell once said, "Abase no base, give no out an out." A stat worth it's weight in diamonds!
Another way to "DBOP:"
All things considered, the RR and the D-BOP are, in the end, the "money stats of the Diamond mine." After all, has not the highly coveted "Diamond Diamond," always awarded to the yearly top MLB D-Bopper, essentially determined by Diamond Bases (RR x 4)/Outs (See "Super Lists.")
Factor in those actual games played--the struggle between bases and outs on a per-game basis--an utterly revealing stat!
Every traditional "baseball card stat" in one number covered, with the entrancing entrance of games played. That hyphen in the original Base-Out Percentage may have been a minus sign all along! (Players seek positivity (+) for GOD.) Codell says it all: "I may have created the GOD, but only God could have created baseball!"
*Compiled by IBAR: Individual for Baseball's Absolute Recounting. Barry was the first; we "Barry Coders" are naturally next. Not to be confused with SABR, IBAR seeks not to join the group, but to be "a one"! - see S. Kierrkegaard "Maieutic Baseball". Codell's recounting inspires us to tell a different tale, a baseball history, itself uncovering missed mystery, with "something new to say about every player who did ever play..."
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